For welding lovers there is always the question of acquiring the appropriate tools. But how to choose a welding inverter correctly and not make a mistake? To do this, there are several points that must be considered in order to choose the right equipment.
The invertor welding machine is supplied with double insulation, therefore it is absolutely safe during electric welding works.
General recommendations for selection
Since the welding inverter is powered by the mains, it should be remembered for the variability of the voltage in it. To date, most models have protection from such jumps. The most optimal level for such equipment is 20-25%. Such a system will protect against failure, if the drops are in the range from 170 V to 270 V. But here it is worth mentioning that such a high rate is more suitable for industrial use than for domestic use. In household use, there is enough indicator of 10-15%. After all, the stronger the protection, the more expensive the inverter will cost.
The next point that is worth paying attention when choosing - ventilation. In the process of work, such a device heats up and, accordingly, it needs cooling. And here through the ventilated holes dust enters. Each manufacturer has its own methods of protection.
The design of the welding inverter.
The most common is tunnel ventilation. With such a system, the radiator is located along the length of the entire body, but the main components lie inside. Such a build really saves if the work is done in very dusty and polluted places.
But again, if you choose a welding inverter for home use, then such a serious protection is simply useless. Therefore, lack of alternate cleaning. To do this, remove the housing and a soft brush or a purge removes accumulated dust.
A very important component of the welding inverter are printed circuit boards. In fact, their breakdown is quite common, and the cost of repairing them is expensive. Therefore, custom boards indicate that such a model breaks extremely rarely, so there is no need to keep spare parts on the market.
Also important is the range of operating temperatures in the inverter. If the environment in which the welding will be carried out (for example, a factory), has high rates, then such equipment will automatically include protection. The maximum allowable temperature is considered to be + 40 ° C, but if it is higher, then it is desirable to stop work, otherwise the inverter will simply fail.
Inverter welding machine power supply circuit.
As for low temperatures, then everything largely depends on the internal configuration. The fact is that microcontrollers, capacitors, transistors and other similar elements are very sensitive to frost. In addition, each detail has its own individual limit. Therefore, depending on this indicator, the operating temperature range can seriously differ from each model individually.
Most often, the manufacturer refers to GOST, then in this case for foreign brands it is EN 60974-1, and for domestic brands it is GOST R IEC 60974-1-2004. This mark indicates the possibility of using the inverter at + 40 ° C and at -40 ° C. But immediately it is worthwhile to stipulate that such marking is not a guarantee that the equipment will start up freely at temperatures below -15 ° C. And all because the electronics do not like low temperatures, and when it starts, the overload signal most often burns.
If, nevertheless, the technique is loaded with work in the frost, then as a result of the heating, condensate forms, which settles on the insides of the inverter, which is destructive enough for them. Therefore, if the instructions do not clearly indicate that the selected model is intended for work at low temperatures, then it is better to refrain from operation.Back to table of contents
How to choose a welding inverter?
Classification of welding inverters.
If to judge objectively, then it is quite difficult to choose an inverter, so many points must be taken into account.
It is necessary to know that inverters have a classification: household, professional and industrial. They were named so according to the scope.
For example, household inverters have little power, so they can work for approximately 15-30 minutes, after which they need to cool down (about an hour). Professional models come with a more powerful content, so their work time is 8 hours, that is, one shift. Well, industrial devices can be used 24 hours, taking into account short breaks.
In fact, household and professional tools are similar in their technological characteristics. Therefore, before choosing the welding inverter finally, it is necessary to determine the scope of its application.Back to table of contents
Welding inverter manufacturers
Control of the welding inverter.
Usually we assume that the higher the price of the product, the better it is made. But it's not always the case. In most cases, half the price is levied on a brand of products. But there are exceptions.
First of all, you should pay attention to such nuances as:
- are there any service points in the city;
- availability of product catalog;
- whether the manufacturer’s resource is filled;
- in which languages is the attached instruction, and if it is translated, what is the quality of the translation.
As for foreign representatives, the most popular brands are Wester, Fubag, Profhelper, Gysmi, Blueweld, Neon. Therefore, a few words should be said about each.
Welding inverter company Wester has a fairly high output power. This suggests that working with such a technique, it is possible to use electrodes up to 0.5 cm. Moreover, their equipment does not depend on the parameters of the input voltage, be it 200 V or 180 V.
Their models are equipped with a system of protection against short circuits and sticking of the electrodes. This moment greatly simplifies operation, and besides, the quality of work remains always high.
Fubag makes its inverters quite versatile, which creates the possibility of working with various types of welding. In these models, the moment of arc ignition is significantly simplified, which significantly affects the performance. They do not need to change the electrodes and clean the seams of boiled slag.
Inverter welding machine Resanta has small dimensions and is successfully used in hard-to-reach places.
The representative of such an inverter combines both manual arc welding (MMA) and semi-automatic (MIG / MAG). Such analogues have a smooth voltage regulation and supply of welding current.
Profhelper has several lines - Prestige, Solution, DaVinci, Euro Tig, Plasma Cut. The manufacturer equips its models with forced cooling systems. They can work in a protective gas environment, while using mig-mag technology or flux-cored wire. Such inverters are very popular because they have the option of step-wise current switching, smooth adjustment of its feed rates and protection against overheating.
Gysmi is a French company that manufactures welding inverters of mobile dimensions. At the same time, they are quite simple in operation and quite loyal for the price. These models have multifunctional characteristics.
Blueweld produces inverters designed to work with thin metals. Perfectly carry out lingering seams.
Firm Neon is in great demand now. Her technique is designed for manual welding. The power of such a welding inverter comes from the mains, and they are quite mobile, so there are no problems with transportation, especially if there is a need for work from the outside of the building. These units do not consume much energy and make it possible to weld even in hard-to-reach places.Back to table of contents
The household welding inverter Spets IMMA-200 of the Russian production passed test for satisfactory and corresponds to all necessary parameters.
But it is worth noting, and domestic producers, because they are also quite often found on the market. Especially some representatives.
Resanta is a representative of S.I.A. Such inverters are produced according to not only domestic standards, but also international ones. They are characterized by high adaptability and performance.
Models "Masters" easily cope with hard to reach places. Such welding inverters come in the category of professional equipment, as they enable to carry out works of increased complexity.
"Fast and the Furious" equips its equipment with sufficiently high-quality components. Such devices do not have large sizes, due to which they are quite mobile. They have thermostats and air-forced cooling, so they are not afraid of overheating.
Welding takes place using direct current using rutile, cast iron, base or stainless steel electrodes.
Such an inverter has a fairly easy ignition of the arc, built-in thermal protection and most of its accessories are removable.
"Svarog" has an excellent value for money. Such models are small-sized and do not require special skills in their operation. Can have cases both from metal, and from plastic. Welding cables are supplied as standard, and as an addition, a transport case may be included.
"Bars" is also very popular, because relatively high quality equipment is bought for a small amount of money.Back to table of contents
Types of welding inverters
As mentioned earlier, there are three types of this technique. Consider it now more carefully.
- Household models.
Invertor welding machine Fox Weld Master 202 creates a high-quality, even seam when welding steel parts.
Such equipment is used in households, garages, cottages, etc. This welding inverter does not have high power, therefore the mode of its continuous operation does not exceed half an hour. The working current has a figure of 200 A, due to which such equipment is used only for short-term welding.
The weight of household appliances varies in the range of 3-10 kg, and therefore their dimensions are small. They are also independent of the input voltage. They are easy to use in the field or in the event of repairs. During the operation of household appliances, the loss of electricity is reduced several times, and the efficiency is 85-90%.
At the same time, it is possible to smoothly adjust the current flow during welding. To make the process more stable, such equipment has stabilization systems, enhanced protection against voltage surges and more stable arc ignition, if financial capabilities allow, you can pay attention to more “smart” models, that is, those equipped with microprocessors.
- Professional models.
Welding inverter Best Weld Globus 180 is designed for welding large parts, and for work requiring a thin seam.
This technique creates the possibility of a power reserve, as in general, this figure is more than 200 A. The average weight of this variety goes to 10 kg.
Such inverters require specific welding conditions. Firstly, the voltage in the electrical network should be not less than 220 V, although if necessary they can be connected to the generators. And secondly, the electrodes themselves must be in a dry state.
But such analogues are very sensitive to dust, so they should be cleaned every six months. Operation in the cold (below -10 ° C) is undesirable, since it is harmful to microchips.
- Industrial models.
This technique is used in those areas where welding is constantly performed in very large volumes: metal structures, pipelines, construction or repair.
Despite the scale of the work, electricity is negligible. It is possible to smoothly adjust the current, due to which the operating modes are set quite clearly.
But, of course, the cost of such a welding inverter is quite high, although it quickly pays off in production. The price may be affected by technical specifications, as well as the presence of certain functions.
Using electric arc welding, it is necessary to use stick coated electrodes. Some models allow you to work in an argon environment using a tungsten electrode. It is called TIG-welding, thanks to it, the seam is neat and of high quality.
And yet, to summarize, it should be noted that the cost of the welding inverter consists of the following components: the class of equipment, the assembly scheme, the quality of the parts used, the availability of certain components and the manufacturer.