When it comes to carrying out all kinds of plumbing, for example, grinding, you can not do without a workbench. The speed and quality of various operations in the processing of parts depends on how well the home-made locksmith workbench is made.
The locksmith workbench is a table made of wood or metal on which the plumbing work is carried out.
Basically a workbench can be called a table that has a solid tabletop. Such a device is made very stable support, since there should be no fluctuations when processing parts. To strengthen the design, the table top is usually covered with a metal sheet or made entirely of thick steel sheet.
A metal tabletop is considered the best option, since such a sheet can withstand huge loads when a part bends or straightens with a hammer or table press. Such a tabletop will not suffer from an abandoned tool; temperature drops will not affect it.
To make any item, be sure to have the appropriate place. One of them is a homemade workbench. How to make a metal workbench independently, what materials are needed for this?
To work with wood, they mainly use the joinery bench.
Before the start of production, it is necessary to determine for which works it will be intended. For processing steel billets need a homemade workbench made of steel. If the work will be mainly related to the tree, then you need to make a carpentry workbench. For a small production, a universal or combined version is needed.
In the garages use only locksmith workbench. After all, any master and car enthusiast often encounters metal parts. But the workbench is required not only to perform technological operations. He has a special niche where auxiliary tools are stored. Where the workbench will be located, there must be a power socket in order to be able to connect the instrument and hold the lighting. If the workbench is made long enough, several people can work on it simultaneously.
What may be required for work
For self-manufacturing plumbing workbench will need:
- cabinet where tools are stored;
- steel sheet;
- welding machine;
- self-tapping screws;
- scissors for metal;
The framework for the workbench is made of metal pipes.
The basis of this workbench should be durable steel frame. It is often made from a round or square tube. The tabletop must be heavy, for which sheet metal with a thickness of 5 to 10 mm is used.
For installation in the garage in the manufacture of the workbench, you can use a metal corner, suitable profile tube. The main condition is one condition - the rigidity of the structure. It must withstand heavy workloads and mechanical stress.
Before assembling the workbench, it is required to make the support surface completely flat. If necessary, adjust the future design. You can make a tabletop from wooden planks with a thickness of at least 50 mm. It will subsequently be covered with a steel sheet.
When the workbench is intended for particularly accurate work, the entire surface of the tabletop is covered with textolite sheets.
In some cases, particularly complex work is performed on the workbench. The table top is covered with 6 mm steel sheet. On such a device, thin sheets of metal are beautifully processed, and pressing and riveting of parts is done. On this workbench install a powerful vice.Back to table of contents
For the work it is necessary to design a drawing, where all dimensions and details of the future fixture will be indicated. Separately, legs and shelves for tool storage will be shown.
Galvanized steel sheet is needed for the manufacture of protective bumpers.
To perform the work you need to have:
- steel corner;
- metallic profile;
- wooden boards with a thickness of more than 5 cm, covered with antiseptic;
- welding machine;
- locksmith tools.
It will be very good if there are galvanized sheets at hand. They are intended for the manufacture of protective bumpers that protect from sparks when the metal blanks are cleaned.
The optimal place for the location of the workbench will be the presence of a number of outlets and the ability to connect lighting. The light from the windows should be directed only directly, it should not create a shadow on the place of work.
After determining the location you need to once again clarify the linear dimensions. The main thing is height, convenience of work largely depends on it.Back to table of contents
Workbench table: features
Of course, you can completely make a workbench, without tinkering any devices. But you can still pre-consider the option of rework, for example, the table. You can use some part of it and perform the upgrade. It is very convenient, however not every table is suitable for such alterations, it is not from every table that you can build a great workplace. For example, the kitchen table is easily loosened, it will require a large number of alterations.
Best of all for such work is suitable table with thumbs. His weak countertop can be replaced by a more massive and durable. Planed bars with a thickness of 60 mm are suitable for this purpose. The length of the bar is determined by the drawing. To make the worktop, you will need to prepare 30 bars. Each is processed with sandpaper, then they are glued together in the form of a shield.
After the glue dries, the shield is ground again and is reinforced with transverse slats to increase reliability. To the base of the table, the tabletop is fixed with steel corners. Before the completion of the workbench is still far away, it turned out only its preparation. Then boxes for storing the tools are made, a place is prepared for securing the vice, and a stop bar is installed to perform the planing of wooden parts.Back to table of contents
Manufacturing workbench: recommendations
The scheme of making worktops for the workbench.
As mentioned above, it is very important to correctly determine its height before making the bench. It is enough to go to the table, put your palms on the tabletop. If the posture is quite comfortable, it means that the height will be equal to the distance measured from the floor surface to the plane of the palms. Usually the metal workbench is made at the rate of one working person. The length of the table top in most cases is 1.5 m, its width reaches 80 cm.
When a place is chosen, you should always try to position the workbench so that the light source is near, electrical outlets are installed.
For the manufacture of countertops, you can use dry untreated boards. They should not be wet, otherwise they may lead. The maximum thickness of the board is 60 mm. Each board is prepared a certain length, in accordance with the size of the table. In addition, such boards can later be used for the production of shelves where tools will be stored.
To get started, you will need a sheet of stainless steel, usually 2 mm thick. It is designed to close a wooden work surface. To make the sides, the function of which is to protect against flying sparks during the work of the grinder, three strips are made, the material is the same sheet. One strip is made of a length equal to the size of the tabletop, and the remaining two - its width.Back to table of contents
We assemble locksmith workbench
Prepared frame parts, cut into appropriate sizes, are welded together. When there are no additional shelves in the design, it is reinforced with stiffening ribs made from the same corner.
The ribs are welded at the top of the structure and at the bottom, departing from the floor surface and top 10 cm.
The same stiffener is welded in the middle of the worktop. To give the frame a higher resistance, steel plates are welded to the legs in the form of squares. Each plate should have holes for attachment to the floor. Such an installation will provide a workbench reliable stability.
When the assembly of the main structure is completed, they proceed to the manufacture of the tabletop frame. It is boiled from a steel corner. In this case, the dimensions of the frame should be larger than the dimensions of the main structure, usually such a protrusion is 20 cm. Such a protrusion will allow you to install a massive vice in the future. Then, on the main frame of the workbench, where the tabletop is fastened, metal strips are fixed. Attached to them corner frame. Protective shields are welded on the sides.
In the installed tabletop - in the stiffeners - the holes for fixing the board are drilled with a drill. Fastening of the boards is done with screws, which have secret washers. Shelter table tops harvested steel sheets. Fastening sheets also carry screws. Holes are prepared for them in advance. Boards intended for shelves must be treated with a special fire-and-bioprotective compound. To ensure higher reliability, they are painted in different colors.
To prevent corrosion of the metal workbench, to increase its warranty period, it is best to paint steel parts with a special paint for metal.