For any master, the vice is an important part of his tool shop. They are needed to conveniently secure the workpiece before processing. Of course, you can do this with the help of clamps, but this is not always convenient, and you may need to work a few pieces. Can I make a carpentry vice myself? What does that require? To answer this question, consider the types of jig and parts of which it is composed.
The locksmith vice on one side must be firmly attached to the table.
The joiner's vice intends for rigid fastening of the processed details at the following operations:
- drilling holes;
- planing their surface;
- file finishing;
- sawing with a hacksaw;
- fixing glued parts;
- milling their surfaces.
Device of a metalwork vice.
The joiner's vice of any design fixes the workpiece with the help of such devices as:
- main screw with grip;
- wedge constipation;
- pneumatic mechanism;
In order to make the vice itself, the first option is most suitable as the simplest one.
Main parts of the tool
The device is a wooden vice.
In order to keep the part in the desired position, the device itself must be firmly fixed on any working plane. In the home workshop it is usually a table. The vice consists of such parts as:
- bearing housing;
- main lead screw;
- its grip and nuts;
- a device for fixing the vice on the working plane;
- various interchangeable heads (flat jaws and for holding round parts).
Usually self-made metalwork vice has two levels: one mobile (moves by means of the main running screw) and motionless (with its help the tool case is fixed on a table) and the handle which actuate the mechanism of a clip.Back to table of contents
How to make a carpentry vice?
Device of screw metalwork vice.
To create a homemade clamping device, you need to purchase or make the main spindle itself. It must have an M20 thread and have a working section length of at least 140 mm. Such a detail can be removed from the old children's sports corner. To make it yourself, you need to buy a steel rod (rod) with a diameter of 19.8-20 mm. The thread can be cut manually, with a die, or carried to a workshop where there is a lathe. There it will cut more accurately.
When the length of the threaded part is selected, the distance between the jaws holding the part will be approximately 75-80 mm, which is quite enough for home crafts. The screw head should have a slot into which the handle is inserted. If you use a screw from a sports corner, then there is already a slot there and you just need to expand it with a round file. If you use a homemade bolt, then this hole can be made on the rod with a drill of 8-9 mm. As a handle, you can use a metal rod 10 cm long. To prevent it falling out, 5 mm holes are drilled at its ends, threads are cut into them and M5 screws are screwed in, up to 3.5-4.0 cm long.
Types of clamps and vice.
Now we need to look for studs (2 pieces). Well proved in self-made vice of fastening from mirrors of the moped. Usually they are bent, so you need to straighten them with a hammer or a small sledge hammer. A moving sponge will move along these studs. You can also make them yourself from steel bar with a caliber of 8-10 mm. To do this, cut the pieces of the desired length from the metal rod with a hacksaw and file their ends with a file.
A sponge is used to hold parts in the bench vise. They can be made of wood, if you intend to use a clamping device for processing non-metallic products. For this you can use pine boards 40-50 mm thick. They make a fixed sponge, which is directly nailed to the desktop (if the vise is not supposed to be moved to another place). For the movable part of the clamp a birch board is used with a length of 45-50 cm and a thickness of 18-22 mm.
They drill holes for the undercarriage bolt using a 2.1 cm caliber first drill, and a standard drill is used for studs (drill size is up to 10 mm). After that, it is necessary to assemble a vice: insert the lead screw and the studs into the corresponding holes, install the washers and wrap the nuts. The tool is ready to work.
If they do not satisfy you, you can try to make a clamping device of metal.
The device of joiner's workbench with a vice.
To create a tool of this type, you need to purchase steel plates: one - 30 x 30 x 1 cm (for the base) and three pieces 20 x 10 x 3 cm (for sponges). You will need a running bolt and studs (they are described above).
On small plates, drill holes for the lead screw and studs and cut the threads in them. At the ends of the fixed jaws and at the base of the drill holes for the bolts and assemble the design. For reliable fastening of a home-made clamping device made of metal on the workbench, grooves are made or a number of holes are drilled for fixing bolts.Back to table of contents
Parts and tools
- Steel bar caliber 20 mm.
- Metal rods (for pens and hairpins).
- Pine and birch boards.
- Steel plates.
- Electric drill with drills.
- Hammer (sledgehammer) file.
- Tape measure or metal ruler.
In order to make a vice with your own hands, you need to have the desire and skills to handle simple tools. Self-made clamping device will serve you for a long time and will allow you to fulfill many ideas.