Work on the land requires a lot of physical effort and time, so it is not surprising that many summer residents try to facilitate it with the help of various devices. A hand-held motor-cultivator is a great demand among gardeners - a great helper for earthworks. Modern models of such cultivators are quite diverse: they differ in weight, power, type of engine. Many of them are completed with additional mechanisms.
Although the hand-held motor-cultivator is lightweight and compact, it is thanks to its high power that it is possible to process even the hardest soil.
Scope of manual cultivators
Light garden equipment, which includes a cultivator, is designed for the following earthworks:
- ground harrowing;
- weeding plants;
- formation of beds;
Components of a motor cultivator.
Due to their low weight and compactness, tillers and cultivators can be used in greenhouses and flower beds, and the high power of these units makes it possible to process even the hardest soil. Some models have a backing, which greatly simplifies the operation of the cultivator, and the additional equipment in the form of mounted plows, scissors, hillers and other mechanisms makes it multifunctional. Such an apparatus is also suitable for picking root crops, mowing grass, watering a vegetable garden, transporting small loads and even for snow removal work.Back to table of contents
Types of cultivators
Depending on weight, dimensions and power, motor-cultivators are divided into 3 classes:
Lightweight models are designed for processing small plots of land with soft soil, for greenhouses, flower beds and beds. The weight of cultivators of this class does not exceed 20 kg, power is about 4.5 hp the processing width is up to 30 cm, the loosening depth reaches 20 cm. Ultra-light models can go only 8 cm deep, so they are used mainly for preparing the site for sowing and seedlings. The compact dimensions of these cultivators make it possible to qualitatively dig up hard-to-reach areas, but only with soft soil. Motorblocks of this class are equipped with gasoline or electric engines.
Power tilting table.
The easy motor-cultivator has removable handles for ease of transportation and is completed with additional mechanisms; it is convenient in work, possesses good maneuverability, but at the same time it is not intended for long-term operation in dense soils and extensive areas. It is recommended to choose such cultivators to owners of small summer plots and to those who grow greenhouse products.
Cultivators of the middle class are considered the most practical: they can be used in greenhouses and in vegetable gardens as successfully as in a potato field, have good performance and reliability, perform many functions. Weigh these tillers - 25-40 kg, have a capacity of up to 5.5 hp the processing width is 30-60 cm, the loosening depth is 25 cm. The presence of a reverse gear makes them convenient for operation in closed small areas, while these units are not suitable for processing hard-to-reach places. It is not recommended to use them on too dense or stony soils.
If the cottage is located on virgin lands that have never been cultivated, it will be advisable to acquire a heavy motor-cultivator. With a weight of about 65 kg and a power of 6 hp it has a processing width of at least 1 m and a loosening depth of 30 cm. Since the unit has large dimensions, it is inconvenient to use it for greenhouses or flower beds, besides frequent turns and other maneuvers increase the already considerable fuel consumption. But on large areas such a cultivator will replace the rest of the equipment: with the help of attachments, it can water the landings, mow, pile, loosen, dig up roots and transport goods.Back to table of contents
Types of engines
In order to choose a motor-cultivator for giving, it is necessary to consider the type of engine installed on the equipment. Depending on energy sources, tillers are divided into:
Manual tillers loosen only the surface of the soil layer, without turning over the layers.
Gasoline and diesel units have high power and performance, used as fuel A92 or A95, diesel fuel, as well as special oil. Petrol tillers are great for both small farms, and for extensive possessions. It is advisable to acquire diesel equipment to those from whom the summer cottage occupies more than 1 hectare, and agricultural work is carried out constantly. The main problem in the operation of such equipment is the formation of carbon from the combustion of fuel, which leads to engine failure.
Electric cultivators have a simple device and are well suited for the treatment of local territory and standard 6 acres of vegetable garden. Since the unit operates on the network, the range of the power unit is limited by the length of the cord. The main advantage of such a cultivator is its environmental friendliness, since there are no harmful emissions. Battery devices work the same way as electric ones, but they are more mobile due to the presence of a battery.
For decorative decoration of alpine slides and small flower beds, hand cultivators without an engine are used, consisting of a metal case, a convenient handle, a wheel and several different disks. This mechanism facilitates the process of loosening the soil and removing weeds, does not emit noise and does not require additional costs.Back to table of contents
Useful recommendations when choosing a cultivator
So, to choose a motor-cultivator for a summer residence, it is necessary to be guided by the following criteria:
- power consumption;
- dimensions and maneuverability;
- energy source;
- warranty period of operation.
You should not buy serious equipment with hands or on the market: high-quality equipment can be offered only in specialized stores, where they will also issue a warranty card at the same time. As for the manufacturer: it is better to buy cultivators of famous brands, so you can avoid problems with warranty service, replacement of spare parts and additional equipment, which is usually not included in the package and bought separately.
It is very important to correctly determine the range of agricultural work in order not to overpay for power and additional equipment.
There are models with the function of simultaneous loosening between the rows and fertilizing with fertilizers, units for the continuous processing of the site, equipment for pre-sowing preparation. The smaller the dacha, the easier and easier the motor-cultivator should be.
When choosing a garden equipment it is useful to know the main differences between the motor-cultivator and the motor-block. The first type of equipment is intended only for pre-sowing soil loosening; Additional nozzles allow you to use the cultivator in weeding the garden or thinning the beds. Hand cultivators loosen the surface layer of the soil without turning the layers. More versatile tillers can not only cultivate the soil, but also plow, pile up the beds, thin out rows, cut the earth into layers. With the help of additional attachments, motoblocks mow the grass, transport cargo, remove snow, water the fields and perform other functions.
When purchasing agricultural equipment to give, always check its equipment, the integrity of the body and the compliance of the technical parameters indicated on the packaging. It is obligatory to have a guarantee, because we choose a cultivator not for 1 season. It is very important to follow the rules of operation of such equipment, to properly care for it. Careful attitude to the mechanical assistant will not only prolong its service life, but also save you a lot of time and effort.