Any home craftsman in the set of his tools must have a hand mill. Most people think that using this tool you can only work on wood, but this is not the case. There are different accessories, the installation of which on the router allows them to work with materials such as plastic, nonferrous metal, artificial stone and others. Depending on the tasks that you plan to perform with this tool, it will depend on which hand mill you need to choose.
Manual milling machine can handle parts made of wood, plastic, artificial stone, non-ferrous metal.
Possibilities of a manual milling cutter
This tool has a fairly wide range of possibilities, and before choosing a manual router, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with them:
Manual milling machine can perform curly wood carving.
- edge profiling, it can be both straight and figured;
- performance of seats for various locks, sheds and any accessories;
- sampling quarter;
- drilling holes and cutting spikes;
- cutting the required length of the workpiece;
- carrying out draft alignment;
- wood carving and engraving;
- making grooves along or in a spiral on the legs, balusters;
- performance of various grooves, slots.
This is an indispensable tool for people engaged in the manufacture of furniture, carpenters, builders, performing finishing work, it is necessary for both amateur and professional.Back to table of contents
What are the types of hand milling?
Before you choose a router, you need to know that they are divided into upper, edge and lamellar.
Edge router can be used for chamfering and edge making.
Top milling cutter. This type of specified tool can be fixed or submersible. The first option is designed as an engine, in which there are settings for the depth of milling, which is done by moving the tool vertically. It is difficult to use such a milling cutter, this is because you will have to change the position of the cutter without turning it off.
In the submersible version, the movement of the engine is performed along the guide. The tool is lowered or raised due to the action of the springs, while you do not need to tear it from the workpiece. Such a tool is much more convenient to work with, and it will suit both professionals and beginners.
Edge milling cutter. This type of tool is usually used for edge making and chamfering.
Lamella router used for the manufacture of grooves.
Lamella router. It has a narrower specialization and is mainly used for the manufacture of grooves.
Regardless of which hand mill you decide to purchase, they all have different accessories in the kit. This allows you to perform work more efficiently, for more accurate feed stops, clamps are used, templates and guides are also used for these purposes.Back to table of contents
What to look for when choosing a router?
When making the choice of the router it is necessary to pay attention to many of its parameters and characteristics, only in this case, you will choose a quality tool that will work for a long time and reliably.
Power tool. This indicator will depend on the purpose for which you plan to use the router. In order for them to work comfortably, it is necessary to choose the optimal ratio between its weight and power.
The right direction when working as a mill.
Light mills have a minimum weight, but their power is only up to 750 watts. Average mills have power already up to 1100 watts. Heavy mills have a lot of weight, but they also have more than 1200 watts of power. Therefore, the weight of the tool will directly depend on its power; the more powerful it is, the heavier it will be.
If you plan to use this tool at home, then light or medium models will be enough for you, but if you are a professional, then immediately purchase a heavy and powerful model.
Speed. From this indicator will depend on the material with which you can work with this tool, it will only be wood or other materials. The mill speed can be 7-24 thousand revolutions per minute. For domestic use, a working depth of 30 mm is sufficient; for professional models, it can reach 60 mm.
Power switch This device, many people in making the choice of hand-held electric tools do not pay attention, but they do it in vain. This device must have a locking mechanism, as well as protection against accidental activation. The presence of such functions will not only greatly facilitate the work, but will ensure the safety of the operator during the execution of work.
For different jobs, different types of cutters are used.
Collet. Conical steel collets are considered the best, this is because the motor shaft has a conical shape, and they are ideally suited to each other. This device should be made of hardened steel, if ordinary steel was used, then it quickly wears out during operation, and rattling appears, which complicates the work.
Dust removal. Almost all modern mills have a gateway for suction of dust, which occurs during operation. To ensure maximum removal of dust, the mechanism must be built. The presence of the gateway can slightly impair visibility, but if you work on a special table, it does not interfere, and the workplace always remains clean.
If we talk about the table on which the work is carried out, then it should be durable, have fastening points, it should have a height adjustment system, and its design should provide maximum visibility.
Sole frezer. One of the main elements of this tool is the sole. On most models it is stamped, more expensive models have a cast sole. In order for the work to be done easily, the sole must have the correct shape and fit well to the base. The base bearing is the place where the lugs of the guide parts are located. The sole is closed with a slip, which can be plastic or wooden. Of great importance is the size of the hole, since it depends on the size of the cutter that can be used.
Shaft mechanism. The performance and functionality of this tool will depend on how the “head” moves, it moves along the rods. The proper operation of this mechanism ensures smooth and easy movement of the cutter. To adjust the depth of the cutter can be used lever or screw. The quality of the tool will depend on the accuracy of the specified adjustment.
The turret helps to perform a few turns with a change in depth. To reconfigure the depth of immersion is used mate stop. Conveniently, when it is made in the form of bolts, which, when screwed in, change the height.
Auxiliary parts. We considered the main points that need to be paid attention to when choosing a router, but also need to pay attention to additional details.
In order to be able to perform the work as accurately as possible, various guides are used, they are included in the tool kit.
In order to drive the router at equal distance, use a parallel stop. It must be made of high-quality steel, may consist of 2 elements or occupy the entire supporting area, between the stop and the workpiece must be a plastic lining.
Copy ring is a plate on which there is a side, it is inserted into a special opening of the sole. The fixing of the structure must be quick-clamping in order to exclude additional movements of the part when it is positioned.
Angle stop allows you to copy the workpiece. The part is placed above the template, and the cutter rests on the probe. It is more convenient when it is possible to adjust it.Back to table of contents
Some Tips for Making the Right Choice
If you plan to use the router at home and with manual use, then you should not take a tool of high power. It is very convenient when you can adjust the speed in your chosen model. To prevent accidental movement of the wheel, it must move with force and in steps.
The best option when determining the depth of immersion is that when the collet does not extend beyond the main structure, it can reach a maximum to the bottom of the sole.
The implementation of the grooves of some types of cutters.
Of great importance is the ergonomics of the tool. The handle should be comfortable for you, a short cord requires the use of an extension cord, which is not very convenient.
When making a purchase, try the work of the collet mechanism. The head should move easily, without backlash and skew. It is necessary that the vertical stop is securely fixed in the desired position.
Check how the additional components are installed, how firmly and securely they are mounted, whether there are gaps. If you prefer to work without guides, then choose a model that has the maximum visibility. At the same time, it is necessary to pay attention to the placement of the dust extraction system, the presence of illumination and other elements that may worsen the view.
During the test of the instrument operation, the presence of vibration or extraneous noise both at idle and under load will indicate a poor build quality.
Some users believe that the professional tool is made very high quality, and the household only so that it can turn on and work, but they are wrong. Both those and others can be both quality and not very high quality, it all depends on the manufacturer.
The main difference between professional tools is the presence of a large number of different devices. If in household tools sleeves can be polymeric, in professional models they are made of non-ferrous metal, which significantly increases their service life.
In a professional tool, bearings are not installed in plastic; they are placed in metal sleeves, so there is no backlash after heating.
Another point: if you can work with a professional router for 8 hours, then when using a household tool you need to work 15 minutes, and then give it a rest for the same time.
You have familiarized yourself with the basic parameters and characteristics of the router, which you need to pay attention to in order to choose a high-quality and reliable tool.