If you are interested in carpentry, you definitely need to figure out how to work as a manual router. Cutter allows you to create a variety of crafts, without making to this virtually no effort. However, before starting to work with a manual wood milling machine, it is necessary to become familiar, firstly, with the features of the structure and use of the tool, and secondly, directly with the technology of work. Having learned to work as a wood milling machine, you will be able to decorate furniture, doors and any other items of wood. If you wish, you can even start your own small business.
Hand mill device: 1. Base - plywood (acrylic, MDF); 2. A mill of 6 mm .; 3. The response hole in the base of the router; 4. What should happen; 5. Hairpin (nail without a hat is suitable).
What work can be done by hand mill
Wood milling machine can perform work of various nature and of varying complexity. At its core, the router is a device that performs many rotations at high speed, creating holes of the required shape and size. All the work that the hand mill allows you to do can be divided into several main categories. So, with the help of this tool, you can mill quarters, grooves and grooves. The holes created with the help of the tool are usually part of a prefabricated structure or a decorative element.
Before you start working with a manual router, you need to consider the main features of each existing type of work. First of all, this is profiling. The hand mill can be used to shape the platbands, curtain rods, baseboards, glazing beads and other products. This is done by the edge. This type of work is usually used in the manufacture of furniture. A great option to decorate wooden products.
You can decorate the edges of various complex products with a hand mill, creating a truly exclusive product. Each master has his own idea of how the finished product should look, so the output often produces real masterpieces. Beginners for such work is better taken after they gain experience. Experts advise you to perform this work only using a template.
Elevator for router.
Manual milling cutter allows you to solve many commonplace household tasks, for example, to make indentations for locks. In a production environment, as a rule, special milling machines are used, but at home you can do with simple hand tools.
In the process of working with the router you will need a variety of additional tools and accessories. Their list will vary depending on what specific work you are going to do, but the following are most often used:
- Electric jigsaw.
- Electric drill with drills.
- Iron plate, screws.
- Overalls, respirator.
Recommendations for choosing a suitable cutter
When processing wooden products special milling cutters are used. Choose them according to the type of work to be done. Also consider the type of material being processed. Each of them has its own characteristics and requires the use of appropriate cutters.
Directly mills is part of the design of the tool in question. It consists of a working part with a cutting edge and a shank. Cutters may differ from each other in terms of design, size, material production, the shape of the cutting part.
For processing soft wood suitable cutters of lightweight material. If you have to process more solid wood, pick the appropriate hard cutters.
Types of cutters.
There is a generally accepted classification of this structural element. Cutters can be divided into:
- Profile Used for decorating various wood products.
- Cone-shaped. With their help, you can perform the processing of wood of various species at an angle.
- Rectangular. Used in the processing of grooves.
- V-shaped. Allows you to create holes with a tilt angle of 45 °. Usually used for applying all sorts of inscriptions on the surface of wood products.
- Kalevochnye. Used for chamfering.
- Disk. With their help, in a wood product you can create horizontal grooves of different widths and depths.
- Seam. Used for milling quarters.
- "Bird home". Created specifically for the implementation of spike connections hidden and open type.
- Filing. Allow to create fillets on the edges of wood products.
In addition, there is a classification of mills for bearing and non-bearing. The manual tool without bearings in all mills allows to process preparation in any necessary place.Back to table of contents
Step by step instructions for installing the cutter
Table for a manual mill.
First of all, the cutter needs to be set to the required depth. This is done in the following order:
- Select the cutter to create the hole you want in the wood.
- Insert the shank of the selected product into the cartridge in such a way that the immersion is not more than 20 mm.
- Turn the chuck until it clicks and tighten the nut with the wrench.
- To set the router to the desired depth, use a special tool called a movable depth setting stop.
- Set the fine tuning knob to a position between minus and plus.
Before proceeding with the processing of the finished product, be sure to check how deep the cutter will enter on the finished sample. If the entry is not as necessary, you can set the required depth yourself using the handle designed for this purpose.Back to table of contents
Basic rules for working with the tool
It is very important to set the rotation speed regulator correctly. If this is not done, the workpiece may deteriorate. Particularly high risk of damage to the workpiece becomes when working with large diameter cutters.
Select the speed of rotation in accordance with the peculiarities of the upcoming work and the characteristics of materials. The more correctly the ratio of the rotation frequency of the cutter with respect to the characteristics of the wood being processed, the more qualitative and clean the work will be.
When choosing a router it is necessary to pay attention to the working field, the optimal size of which is 12000x1200 mm, and to the power of the tool.
With an increase in the diameter of the mill, the rotational speed must be reduced. For example, cutters with a diameter of 1 cm can be used at a speed of about 20,000 rpm, while a product with a diameter of 4 cm is better to work at speeds of up to 10,000 rpm. Complete with each mill necessarily there is an instruction. Make sure it is available when you buy the tool. The manual contains all the requirements that must be met to obtain a good result.
While working, you can hold the router with your hands or fix it on the table. It is more convenient and preferable to handle small items on the table. In this case, the work will be of the highest quality. Installation of the router on this kind of table is carried out by the spindle up. If you wish, you can also buy or assemble your own machine.
Milling wood on the table requires compliance with the following rules:
- On the surface of the table should be installed line under the shape that you want to cut. If a semicircle is cut, arc-shaped guides are applied. In the case of creating lines, the guides should also be smooth.
- When working with variable profile parts, use narrow rulers with an oval end. Attach them perpendicular to the workpiece.
When working with the router, do not forget that the router on the product being machined must be moved exclusively in the opposite direction with respect to the movement of the router. Otherwise you risk not holding the tool and getting injured.Back to table of contents
Useful accessories for work
Even ordinary straight rail can significantly simplify the processing of edges. Over the years, the masters of their work have accumulated a lot of secrets, significantly expanding the possibilities of a manual router for wood.
If the groove has the same width as the cutter, special stops will need to be installed on the ends of the guide. They should overlap approximately half the width of the milling base.
In order for the router to serve longer, you need to adhere to a certain operating time (20 min.), After which it must be turned off.
If the width of the cutter is smaller than the groove or recess, you need to add another long guide to get a design like a frame. Within this frame, the movements of the mill bit will be carried out.
To speed up and simplify the marking of the grooves, take a pair of different sized boards and fasten them with the help of door hinges. Large size board is attached to the workpiece clamps. The smaller board should have a width corresponding to the distance between the spindle axis and the edge of the sole. First, the center of the groove is marked on the workpiece, after which the device is placed on the line by the edge of the folding half. After that, you can recline the sash and continue further work.
It is much easier to mill circular arcs in the presence of a circular stop. Make a small hole in the center of the circle and put the point of emphasis in it. If the center is located outside the blank, you can simply glue a piece of board through a layer of newspaper and make a suitable hole on it.
Nozzles for milling cutters.
A flat cutter with rounded edges makes it easy to align the plane on the workpiece with a pronounced woody structure. For example, on maple blanks. The design of such a device includes a trough with the same in height parallel sides and a flat base, the width of which is 2 times the width of the trough. The milling cutter is fixed in the center of the base, and the billet is placed in a trough. The process itself is similar to the cycling procedure, but is performed at a much higher speed. To facilitate alignment, make the base of plexiglass.
Straight spikes and dovetail joints are prepared using a special tenoning device. Included with it are their own cutters. Use any other categorically not recommended.Back to table of contents
Safety when working with a manual mill
Included with each tool is the manufacturer's instructions. It describes the technical specifications and provides recommendations for safe operation of the tool. When using a milling cutter for wood, it is necessary to strictly observe a number of rules that allow you to minimize the risk of injury.
When you finish working with the router or take a break, be sure to pull the power cord out of the socket.
When working with a manual mill, be extremely careful and concentrated. Take a stable position in order not to lose balance, and hold the tool tightly in your hands.
The workpiece itself must also be firmly and securely fixed. Hold the router very firmly. When the product comes into contact with the workpiece, a rather tangible counter strike can occur. If you hold the tool tightly, it may break out of your hands and cause injury.
Wear suitable protective clothing. Make sure that there are no hanging pieces of material that can wrap around on the router. The clothes themselves should not be too loose. It is also recommended to wear a respirator to protect the lungs from harmful fine dust.
Thus, working with a manual router is not that difficult. Be sure to remember the safety requirements, follow all instructions, and you will succeed. Have a good job!