How to choose the right hand router for wood

Manual mill - a necessary tool in the household. It can be used to process not only wood, but also other materials, for example, plastic, non-ferrous metals, artificial stone, etc. However, in order to obtain a qualitative result, it is necessary to choose the right tool considering various factors.

The scheme of parallel emphasis on a manual mill

The scheme of parallel emphasis on the manual router.

Types of hand mills

When choosing a device, it is important to consider which kind of device is suitable for solving specific problems. To do this, you need to understand the types of hand milling machines. Manual mill can be represented by one of three types:

  • lamellar;
  • edging;
  • upper.
The device of the machine for milling

The device of the machine for milling.

The upper manual milling cutters, in turn, are subdivided into immersible and fixed. The peculiarity of the first variant is the movement of the engine along the guide. This makes the tool more convenient. Movement of the cutter up and down is performed without separation from the part due to rigid springs.

When using fixed upper hand milling machines, the depth of milling has to be adjusted by raising and lowering the tool. The position of the cutter must be changed when it is turned on, so some skill is required for work.

If you want to grind edges or chamfer, then the best option - edge milling cutter. And for the implementation of the connecting grooves in the details - lamellar.

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Criterias of choice

You can select a manual router that best meets the expectations and required functions, only if you take into account the various characteristics.

Table of the diameter of the cutter and the speed of rotation of the processed material

Table of the diameter of the cutter and the speed of rotation of the material being processed.

First of all, you should pay attention to power. This should take into account the goals that are set before the tool. For professional work, it is recommended to purchase more powerful devices, and for solving small household tasks, milling machines with a capacity of about 750 W are also suitable. The more power, the heavier the tool. This should be taken into account, since its weight directly affects the usability.

It is important to take into account the speed of the device, especially if the plans include working not only with wood, but also with other materials. If only wood processing is planned, then 7 thousand revolutions will be quite enough, since wood is a soft material. For milling of more rigid materials, tools with a speed of up to 24 thousand revolutions can be applied, depending on the types and characteristics of the materials whose processing is planned. In addition, you should pay attention to the depth of milling. For professional use, you can purchase a hand mill with a depth of processing up to 6 cm, but for amateur use at home you can get by with a depth of up to 3 cm.

An important element of the device, which should not be neglected when choosing it, is a switch. It is recommended to stop the choice on models equipped with a locking mechanism with the provided protection against accidental shutdown. These functions will make work more convenient and safe.

The right direction when working as a mill

The right direction when working as a mill.

To facilitate the process of processing it is recommended to opt for the collet taper form of hardened steel. This form is best suited to the shape of the motor shaft (also cone-shaped). Common steel collets produce rattling during operation, which makes material processing much more difficult. In addition, they wear out much faster.

It is much more convenient to work with a tool that is equipped with a built-in suction of dust. In extreme cases, you can purchase a tool with a gateway to connect the suction.

Sole fixtures - also an important element of the overall design. Ideal - cast sole. Hermetic shape and optimum fit to the working surface ensure the best quality of work. To the sole fasteners are made of wood or plastic. They must be of high quality. If wood is used, it is permissible to use only solid wood species.

The device of the mill router

The device of the mill router.

The functionality of the tool and its performance depend on the design features of moving the head. Its movement is made on the rods. With proper operation of the sucker mechanism, the head part moves smoothly, and its movement does not require extra effort. To adjust the depth of immersion mechanism is equipped with a special screw or lever. For high-quality milling is required to choose devices with the most accurate adjustment.

It is impossible to neglect some auxiliary elements of the structure. If the process requires a milling cutter at an equal distance, then a parallel stop is used. This part must be made of high quality alloy. In places where contact with the workpiece is possible, plastic lining should be provided. The size of the parallel stop does not matter much.

In the opening of the sole there is a round plate with a low side. This copy ring, the so-called sleeve. The plate should be fixed quickly and easily. When installing parts in the machine, this will avoid unnecessary time and effort.

If you want to make several parts of the same pattern, then use the corner stop. The template is located under the workpiece. The cutter during operation rests on a specially designed probe. If the angle stop cannot be adjusted, the work will be complicated.

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Instructions for choosing a tool

The scheme of a simple stop from the bar

The scheme is a simple stop from the bar.

Evaluating each selection criterion separately and its capabilities in general, it is recommended to be guided by the following tips:

  1. It is not necessary to purchase tools with high power. Especially if you plan to use in domestic conditions.
  2. More convenient models - with adjustable working speed. On the case, the switch must be located in a place inaccessible for accidental repositioning. It must move by effort.
  3. Depth of immersion is an important evaluation criterion. The ideal option is a collet lug behind the tool body. The required minimum is when the collet reaches the bottom of the sole.
  4. The design should be ergonomic. It is better to refuse tools with a short power cord or an uncomfortable handle.
  5. The sucker rod mechanism is recommended to be tested before purchase. Fixing the vertical stop should be reliable, and the movement of the head mechanism - easy, smooth and smooth.
  6. When working without guides, the manual wood router should provide the opportunity for maximum visibility.
  7. When installing additional parts, there should be no gaps. All connections must be tight and precise.
  8. When idle, the instrument should not produce any extraneous noise or vibration.

Thus, there are many nuances that can not be neglected when buying a manual router on wood. First of all, you need to decide for what purpose a tool is needed. Each detail has specific requirements. Each characteristic evaluated when choosing a device is important for obtaining the highest quality result.

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