The work of the master in laying tiles, if it is made with high quality, is always quite expensive. This is due to the special attention of the owner of the room to the result and a set of special tools for work, which are expensive.
Electric tile cutter with longitudinal focus.
The tile can be cut with a grinder, mechanical tile cutter and even a glass cutter. However, by using these devices, it will not be possible to cut the tile qualitatively; they can only be used if the hand-cut end is further covered by the factory part. In addition, not every tile can be broken into a suitable size. Most of the mechanical tile cutters can not be used for cutting off small size strips from a tile - at least 3-4 cm. The grinder complete with a diamond disk for cutting can do this task, but it will produce a considerable amount of dust. Not only the health of the master will deteriorate, but the whole room will be covered with a dense layer of small waste, which will worsen the adhesion of all bases.
With the help of the grinder will not work and sharpen the corner of the tile. To get away from such restrictions, you will need to use an electric tile cutter. However, today there is a fairly large number of different tile cutters, so it is important to make the right choice.
What type of tile cutter is better to choose?
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More about diamond sawing
The scheme of cutting tiles by electric tile cutter.
Diamond construction is a manual electric tile cutter. The device consists of a head part, a handle, controls, a cutting disk with a casing, a sole for a support on which a structure for determining the angle of inclination is placed. This device has a simple design, but is reliable. The platform can easily move around the canvas thanks to mounted rollers. Some designs are completed with a parallel stop.
The weight of the tool is approximately 4-5 kg, it does not need to be fixed in place. In this case, it will be possible to use disks of small sizes - with a diameter of about 100-140 mm. The depth of cut in 30-40 mm will be enough even to cut large enough tiles. The spindle speed is 12000-13000 rpm, which will positively affect the quality of the cut.
In the process of dry cutting, a container for collecting dust can be connected to a diamond tile cutter. In the process of a wet cut, a plastic tank of small dimensions can be fixed on the body, from which water will flow into the cutting zone. Therefore, to avoid dust, you need to fix the structure horizontally.Back to table of contents
Stationary stone cutting device
Such a device is able to provide excellent quality sawing tile. In this case, a disc with a continuous edge is used, but the part is located on the cutting table in the cutting process. Be sure to need to supply fluid to the work area. Stationary tile cutters can be divided into devices with upper and lower placement of the motor.
Electric tile cutter with lower engine placement is small, but does not have any stops for precise cutting.
The electric tile with the lower placement of the engine has small dimensions, but with its help it will be possible to cut large-sized tiles, since there will not be any supporting devices on the table that limit the dimensions of the workpiece. In this case, large tiles will have to be led manually with respect to the line, since the guide bus can be moved away from the disk only to a distance that is allowed by the dimensions of the table. The tool can also be supplied with an angled guide, which can be used to cut the tile diagonally or parallel to it.
The engine in such devices does not move, but the table can be tilted, thereby providing a cut at an angle of 45 °.
In such constructions large-size disks are used: their diameter can vary from 200 to 300 mm. Above the bed circle will protrude slightly, the depth of cut is not the best. Cooling will occur in the process of how equipment during the movement takes water from a special tank. The lower part of the circle will sink into the liquid. By the similar principle the liquid moves in devices with the lower placement of the motor.
Tile cutters with the upper placement of the motor are aggregates of large sizes, which are placed on a heavy frame. They have a more complex structure, more weight. These tile cutters are quite expensive. However, the accuracy in such a case, you can get perfect. Such devices can be divided into the following types:
- Bridge construction, which has a movable head. Moves on rails longitudinally.
- Console unit. The head in this case is mounted on the console. The table on which the part is fixed will move.
Electric tile cutter with a guide is able to cut tiles of any thickness.
You can not say which of the machines more functional, reliable and safe. In all cases, the head can be tilted at an angle of 45 °, as a result of which faceting can be performed. On both devices there is a strict limitation of the dimensions of the workpiece. Water will be supplied to the work area using a pump. In all cases it is possible to adjust the cutting depth. Therefore, in the process of choosing a design, one should pay attention to the quality of production of the moving elements of the bed and the overall stability of the device.Back to table of contents
How to choose the characteristics of the power unit?
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Determination of device power
Stationary devices that can be used for cutting bricks, concrete blocks, large stone slabs, you need to purchase only with great power. In such constructions, the mass of a part can easily exceed 100 kg, therefore there is no sense in choosing devices based on the total weight and dimensions. In small devices, the power may not be sufficient to ensure long uninterrupted operation. Tile cutters for professionals are equipped with large high-torque motors, whose power is up to 2.2 kW. However, if you do not plan to cut large parts, you can pay attention to the design of lower power. For cutting tile and thin panels for cladding, 750–1500 W devices are suitable. They provide suitable torque for circles with a diameter of up to 240-250 mm.Back to table of contents
Determination of disc diameter and cutting depth
The diamond saw blade has an electric motor, but it is manually operated.
The size of the working disk and its diameter are key indicators for realizing the necessary depth of cut. The depth indicator determines how large the part can be cut. This is especially important for working with thick and thick marble and concrete slabs. Also pay attention to this option is, and in case you plan to cut a brick or paving slabs.
This figure does not matter when choosing a device for cutting floor tiles. In addition, the material and the fabric is not acceptable when the cutting edge goes in the cut blank far behind. In this case, seizures, edge deformation, and so on may occur. Therefore, the depth must be adjustable. Today it is implemented in many devices with the upper placement of the motor.
It is best to choose tools in which the head unit can be fixed in a predetermined position.
It should be understood that the ability to determine the depth of the cut allows for submersible cutting in the middle of the tile, for example, to construct an opening for several outlets. Most often, the depth of cut varies from 50 to 100 mm. Similar characteristics can be seen in the device passport.
You should know that the index of the depth of the corner cutting will differ from the total depth of cut in a smaller direction.
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Determination of travel speed and electronic systems
The table on which the electric tile is mounted can be tilted 45 degrees.
The frequency of rotation of the spindle at idle is not the main criterion for choosing a tile cutter. In this case, you will not need a high speed, you will not need to adjust it either. This is due to the fact that all materials processed by such a device have similar characteristics. 2000-3000 rpm is enough for a diamond disc, so that you can easily cut stone and ceramic products. On sale there are models that can reach 4,200 rpm at idle.
In these designs there is no system for maintaining a constant frequency. In this case, there can only be overload protection systems, which are made in the form of a thermal relay. Some devices have LED overload indicators that tell the operator to slow down the speed of the structure.
Portable diamond tile cutters can be equipped with protection against accidental start-up - a backup button. Water is located in such a tool near electricity, so an upgraded protection against moisture ingress should be used in the parts where current flows. When choosing a tool, you should pay attention to the winding insulation, the quality of the cords, the built-in RCD and the presence of various protective covers.Back to table of contents
Mechanical features of tile cutting machines
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How to choose a table?
Diagram of the working disk electric tile cutter.
The dimensions of the frame will affect the size of the tile can be cut on the device. The larger the table, the more detail can pass under the disc and the longer the stroke at the spindle assembly. In some cases, the working platform can be expanded by using folding tables, retractable supports and other elements. In this way, you can increase functionality and comfort. In most cases, the length of the straight cut and the length of the cut diagonally. The unit of the cantilever type is selected with the following indicators: 600 mm parallel to the side and 45 mm diagonal of the tile. However, the length of the cut does not mean that a part of the same dimensions can be fixed on the table. You should know that these figures are slightly less. Anything that is larger, but cannot be placed on the platform, can be dismissed without regular fastening.
Often, manufacturers limit the load on the device and indicate the maximum possible mass of the part, depending on the support area. This point may reduce the functionality, so you need to pay attention to it.
The table should be strong and stable, since it will be located all the basic tools for marking and fasteners. In this case, you need to pay attention to the design of stainless steel or aluminum alloys. For cantilever tile cutters, you can additionally purchase a nozzle from an elastic material that will prevent slipping.
You should pay attention to the process of choosing the table and the ease of cleaning it. Everything will depend on the perforation of the material, the characteristics of the outer base.Back to table of contents
Features of fluid supply
Electric tile cutter with a table.
Electric tile stove with a lower location of the motor has a special capacity. Preference should be given to designs with tanks of sufficient size, otherwise you will often have to change the liquid for cooling. However, it should be understood that an oversized capacity will be difficult to reach from under the device without lifting it.
An electric tile cutter with a top-mounted motor delivers fluid to the work area with a pump. To make such a device work long enough, special filters should be installed in front of the supercharger. Preference should be given to designs with spray nozzles that can be adjusted.
Additionally, the design can be equipped with protective screens, suspended containers, pull-out trays, technological channels and large perforations.
In the passport of the device in some cases indicate the amount of water supply. It is recommended to choose a unit with a strong circulation. The advantage is the presence of a large water collector, in which compartments for collecting sludge are arranged.Back to table of contents
Features of mobile nodes
With the help of the stop tile can be cut at any angle.
Any electric tile cutter should be able to cut under the slope. This can be achieved by tilting the force structure or base for support. Some units have an intermediate fastening threshold - at around 22.5. In some cases, this feature is very useful.
The spindle assembly or movable cart must be steadily moving along guides. Bridges must be made of aluminum, which will not be amenable to torsional forces. Bearings made of steel should be used for support, which are combined into a single system.
When choosing a tile cutter should pay attention to the following:
- visibility of the working base;
- protective coating of constituent elements;
- length of cable;
- protective cover;
- the presence of a folding table;
- presence of a guide opening.
Speaking about how to choose a tile cutter, you should know that you need to choose first of all on the basis of the purposes for which the device will be used.