The laser cutting machine can help you make products of various shapes and sizes. Such equipment is characterized by high speed performance of work, as well as a high level of accuracy.
With the help of a laser cutting machine from sheet metal, absolutely any shape can be cut according to a sketch.
The process of laser cutting of metal parts
Laser cutting is a fairly new technology that has taken a leading position in the field of metal parts processing. This process takes place with the help of high power systems aimed at the material. The concentration of their beam is so high that it can process any surface.
The produced beam at the point of contact with the surface of the metal creates a temperature equal to the temperature of its melting. Cutting metal occurs in an environment with an active gas. They are most often oxygen, which is supplied to increase the speed of the process, the removal of combustion products. Due to the action of oxygen, uniform heating of all metal layers occurs. This continues until the surface of the metal product is cut to the end.
The accuracy of this process is achieved automatically. Using a given computer program, you can get a metal part of any configuration. This processing method allows you to process parts that have particularly complex contours.
Sketchy laser cutting machine.
For sheet metal, equipment based on solid-state or gas lasers is most often used. Thanks to such installations, the contour on the metal product is not deformed, which is usually characteristic of machining. Laser cutting machines are capable of performing this procedure very quickly. In addition, this procedure is characterized by high accuracy. The process of part processing is performed with the formation of a minimum amount of waste.
Laser cutting can be used for carbide metals. This method is used to process steel, aluminum and its alloys, non-ferrous metals.
Equipment for laser cutting of metal is able to solve such difficult tasks as obtaining holes of small diameter in superhard materials. In addition, these installations can process thickened parts and products of complex shape. Equipment for such a process is applicable to the processing of parts made of thin and fragile materials.
Due to the fact that there is no mechanical impact on the material, the resulting part has smooth and high-quality edges that do not require further processing.Back to table of contents
Features laser cutting of metal products
Laser cutting technology.
The processing of metal with a laser due to its advantages is very common. The advantages include the following:
- high accuracy;
- process automation;
- waste minimization;
- the ability to manufacture products of any shape and size;
- the ability to cut parts of complex configuration;
- obtaining an even and high-quality cut that does not require additional processing;
- the possibility of cutting superhard, thin and fragile materials.
Installations for cutting metal products with a laser
Various machines can be used as equipment for metal cutting.
Most often they consist of a working surface and a laser head, which is controlled in automatic mode. This was made possible through the use of a control unit containing a computer with specially developed software.
The laser head moves along the guides with high precision, which allows for a clear and smooth contour.
Diagram of the laser cutter.
Software processing products using a laser allows you to determine the sequence of operations. With its help you can adjust the power of the beam itself, which allows you to monitor the depth of penetration. In order to cut the sheet, it is necessary to transfer the pre-selected drawing to the control unit of the installation.
Installations do not require a prepared foundation, so you can install them anywhere. In addition, the metal processing process requires a small amount of electricity.
The only disadvantage of such equipment using a laser is its high cost. The range of prices for such devices is quite large, but if properly exploited, they will quickly pay off. Finished products obtained by laser processing have a high profitability.Back to table of contents
Types of installations for cutting with a laser head
The classification of equipment for processing metal products using a laser is made according to its operating parameters:
- material used metal billet;
- laser radiation power;
- composition of the gas used;
- gas pressure used for cutting.
The laser cutting machines for the laser head are divided into oxygen, vaporization, thermolab, as well as cutting equipment in an inert gas and oxygen with the support of a laser.Back to table of contents
Applications of laser cutting machines
The scheme of the laser pointer.
These settings are used not only for laser metal cutting, but also for engraving. In addition, on such equipment it is possible to organize the production of products in small batches. This became possible after they began to apply sheet-cutting with the help of special software, which allows to reduce the cost of making molds for casting. For small-scale production most often used devices of small size and equipped with a device of low intensity.
Installations for the production of large quantities of products are entire systems. They consist of a working coordinate table, a laser and a control unit. For work, you need a special program with support for vector graphics.
This equipment is designed to cut the details of super-complex contours, as well as bulk products.
High-precision installation is used, for example, for the manufacture of metal molds for the production of aerated concrete with their own hands.
Metal processing on equipment based on the use of a laser is gaining a leading position among modern technologies. This process allows you to simplify the cutting process and increase its speed. The result is a finished product with smooth edges. In addition, this method can be applied to various surfaces that are difficult to process in other ways. These include superhard, brittle or thin materials.