The owners of country houses always know how important it is to have on hand a working garden tool. It is always necessary for cultivating the land, garden beds, caring for trees and plants. In order for a household tool to always be in good condition, it is necessary to care for it and periodically sharpen it. Sharpening a garden tool takes not so much time, but its functionality is greatly enhanced. In addition, you need to know the places in which you can store household tools, since not all environments are suitable for it (especially for iron tools that are prone to corrosion).
In order for the garden tools to always be in good condition, it is necessary to take care of them and periodically sharpen.
Of course, not always sharpening tools for the garden is an easy process, but with the right equipment you can sharpen even the most complex household tools. In addition, there are a number of tools, such as knives, chisels, drills, chisels and others, for the sharpening of which does not require special devices. Having one universal sharpening machine can solve all the problems. When there is a good drill in a set with special nozzles, it will be quite easy to sharpen even the most blunted and complex tools.
Any garden tools that have metal attachments, best perform their functions in the ground state. In order to sharpen each of them, you need to have some working tools:
The whelp is used for sharpening various metal tools.
- The vice.
- Little ass.
There are different files in their form and purpose: round, flat, triangular, etc. In addition, the notch on the file can be different: arc, rasp, single, double. The purpose of each of the notches is different: for example, a double notch is used for hard alloys, and a rasp is needed for rough grinding. There are also special machines and devices for sharpening tools.Back to table of contents
Rules and recommendations when sharpening
Before you start sharpening, you need to familiarize yourself with some rules that must be followed when working. All these postulates concern sharpening with the help of special devices working from mechanical labor or electricity:
When using a grinding wheel, it should rotate exclusively from the blade of the tool to be sharpened.
- When using a grinding wheel, the tool should rotate exclusively from the blade of the tool to be sharpened, and not differently. If you hold the blade in a different position to the circle, then there is a chance of serious injury.
- The sharpening angle should not change, as this will result in improper sharpening of the tool. This requires practice, so before sharpening professional inventory, it is best to practice using unnecessary tools.
- Inventory should not overheat when sharpening, as this leads to deformations. For timely cooling of the hot tool, you need to keep the cold water container at the ready.
- Special vigilance must be shown when sharpening garden and household scissors. It is impossible for the grinding wheel to drive into the adjacent blade. Sharpen each side of the blade alternately.
- Semicircular chisels are sharpened from two sides: external and internal. For sharpening the inside of the used drill.
- When grinding a drill, you need to know its type - on metal or on wood. Before you begin to work, you need to study the structure of the drill and only then gradually start sharpening.
Sharpening garden tools with their own hands
When sharpening hand tools need to protect gloves.
As already described above, in order to sharpen garden tools, there are all sorts of devices: most often it is a regular file, a grinding wheel or just a special grinding stone.
Curved files are used to sharpen pruners, sickles, forks, scythes, and other tools with irregular blade shapes. To sharpen garden saws on wood and hacksaws for metal, use a file of trihedral shape, which corresponds to the size of the teeth. First you need to take each tooth in turn at a distance of 2-3 mm from the other teeth and start sharpening it. To remove the teeth, ordinary mites are used.
Usually saw is mounted in a vice, sharpening occurs in a fixed position. It should be noted that the sharpening occurs at an angle of 45 ° (in relation to the file to the saw). And for different saws, there are different ways of sharpening, for example, for saws on dry wood, only one side of the teeth should be sharpened, and for wet saws, both sides.
One of the most common sharpening tools is sharpening. It is of two types: fine and coarse. Coarse-grained is used for sharpening rough surfaces, and fine-grained - for smooth. It is best of all when grinding to slightly wet the sharpener, in order to avoid metal melting and annealing. Significantly facilitate the work allows elektrotochila, which does not require mechanical intervention.
For sharpening the ax used round sharpener. The blade is turned on both sides with circular movements.
Garden shears before sharpening, you must first disassemble and leave only the blades themselves. These blades must be cleaned of plant juice and dirt. Sharpen the blades should only be from the chamfer side.
Another very common subject for sharpening is the wheel. This tool is designed to bring garden tools to a presentable and aesthetic look. It removes scratches, burrs and other roughness from the surface of the blade. Before work, it is moistened with water or oil and in a circular motion rubbing the irregularities of the blade, making it perfectly smooth. Most often, the talis is used to grind the delimber, which should be perfectly sharp.
The flat file is used for processing the cutting surfaces of shovels, spikes, hoes.
Experienced gardeners recommend keeping tools before sharpening in a solution of table salt. This greatly facilitates the work. In addition, you must comply with the required security measures when working with sharp cutting and piercing tools, namely, wear special gloves or gloves.
For general safety, it is recommended to fasten the blades in a vice before sharpening. Modern vise allows you to fix in a fixed position, even the blade a few millimeters, so that even such thin blades, as in scissors, it is easy to fix in a vise. This will protect and facilitate the work of sharpening garden tools several times.Back to table of contents
Tool care and cleaning
To prevent damage and breakage of household tools, you need to know how to properly care for them. After each working step, it is necessary to thoroughly flush the inventory from dirt, dust, clay and other debris. In the case of many tools (scissors, saws, nippers, etc.), you should periodically lubricate your inventory.
Store garden tools in a dry place to avoid corrosion.
As for storage, building and garden equipment should be kept exclusively in a dry room in order to avoid the appearance of corrosion. To prevent the grinding and chipping of some tools - axes, knives, scissors, shovels, braids and others, you need to sharpen your inventory in a timely manner.
When using tools in the summer or in dry weather, it is enough to clean the tool from dirt and storage in a place where there is no access of moisture. However, with regard to the autumn and winter period, it will be necessary to prepare a more reliable storage room, where there is no high humidity and water.Back to table of contents
Storage in the winter and autumn season
Usually at this time garden tools are used quite rarely, therefore, household appliances are prepared for long-term storage. Before this, the devices are thoroughly washed and dried. Then a thorough sharpening of household tools.
Metal tools (especially those that are highly susceptible to corrosion) should be lubricated with engine oil or any other technical oil. Then they are covered in covers or plastic wrap to protect against dust.
Tools that have special covers, need to pack. If they are not available, then you can use the sleeves of old shirts for this. Using the old hose, you can prevent blunting of the teeth of the saw and other sharp objects.
As for wooden handles and an ax, they should also be properly cleaned, washed and dried. Then you need to sand the surface with sandpaper and varnish it. This will not only give an aesthetic look to the inventory, but also protect it from moisture, dirt, prolong its service life and store for a long time without use. Leaving the tools for storage in a storage room or pantry, you need to put them in an upright position only, which will reduce the area of contact with the ground.
All these actions relate to other equipment, such as cars, stairs, motoblocks, etc. You need to conduct a thorough inspection and make sure that they are not damaged. Thus, for the long-term service of any garden tools, special attention should be paid to their care and storage.