For chopping wood, building a log house, finishing boards - the multifunctionality of the ax is amazing. It is quite clear that every master wants to have a good ax, so that it does not break and is not blunt. If you know how to put an ax on the ax, and in what conditions to store it, there is an opportunity to extend the life of this tool.
The device is an ax.
Main types of axes
Axes can be light, carpentry, heavy, small, large.
Main types of ax:
- a carpenter;
Shapes of axes and hatchets.
The first and second options are ideal for hiking or cycling, with an overnight stay in an open field or forest. They will help when cutting a clearing or fighting with shrubs in an overgrown cottage. Well carve small animals. Lightweight products with a short ax.
The carpenter has a comfortable one-and-a-half handle and a medium-sized ax. It is suitable for processing logs, chopping firewood and cleaning sites from large shrubs.
The name of the fourth speaks for itself. It is good for chopping, although the carpentry functions also performs quite well.
The lumberjack is a two-handed ax, felting erect pillars of trees. Kolka firewood and carpentry are also included in its functionality. But it is too heavy and therefore uncomfortable.
Knight is a powerful tool for splitting thick sections of trees. It is also convenient for them to butcher large animals.
Taiga is so named because of its peculiarity - a long handle, due to which it is convenient to make clearances in thicker ones more often.
The bogatyr is a heavy ax with a long ax, intended for large trees.Back to table of contents
The optimal material for the ax
The ax attachment on the ax handle: a - fitting, b - nozzle, c - wedging; 1 - ax, 2 - ax handle, 3 - wedge.
All axes, regardless of the type and purpose, consist of a peephole or eye, a butt, blade on which there is a sock, chamfer and heel. Also, to protect the wooden ax from the blows under the blade is a beard. In ancient battle axes, the heel was lengthened, which is very convenient for combat.
Ax should be made of hard wood, needles are not suitable. It can be beech or oak. Very often birch, acacia or mulberry are used. Just keep in mind that wood is needed not old, but not freshly chopped. Obliquity is practically not allowed for toporishcha. This can lead to stratification and damage to the instrument.
The wedge is most often made of wooden softwood, which is not entirely true. Soft wood tends to dry out, which is practically not observed in hardwood. There are still steel wedges.Back to table of contents
The main methods of lining
The scheme of the wedge used for wedging an ax.
Required tools and materials:
- linseed oil with ocher;
- colorless varnish;
- varnish brushes;
- timber quality oak;
- epoxy resin.
Most often they make a razlinovku, hammering an iron wedge in the ax handle from the butt to the blade. Sometimes several splitting a tree with an iron, a wooden wedge is hammered. The most reliable will be such a method: the handle should be adjusted under the eye and removed from the ax. Hacksaw make cuts: one; two - in rare cases, if the eye is large; or three. The saws are made two-thirds the width of the ax. Then you need to clean the ax with a sandpaper and apply the varnish with ocher. After drying, it is possible to proceed further to the razlinovka and the nozzle of the ax on the ax handle. If there is no dry and high-quality oak, there is no beech in the house, you can search for old chairs in the pantry or in the attic. Usually they are made from oak.
Further it is necessary to cut wedges for cuts from a bar of high-quality oak or beech. After fitting and fitting, they can still be postponed. Gauze needs the most common, medical. Once folded in four, impregnate with epoxy. While the resin is not frozen, wrap the end of the handle with gauze so that after the nozzle of the ax the gauze hangs under the blade.
From above the ax densely sits down, and the gauze is cut off.
It should not be visible from under the ax. This is done for high-quality shrinkage of the tool. Epoxy resin to pour on the bottom of the cuts. Pitch on gauze and in the cuts will be absorbed into the wood and will not allow it to get wet and rot. It also plays the role of a filler for microcracks in wood.
Next, you need to carefully drive wedges into an ax handle and cut off the excess. After the finished product can be opened with varnish to avoid damage to the wood.
This method of qualitative and practically eternal ax attachment is called the five wedges method.Back to table of contents
Care ax: practical recommendations
Four common forms of sharpening the blade.
For the long service life of an ax, it must be ensured that it is properly stored and cared for.
- Protect the instrument from water. Like any other instrument of labor, he is afraid of water. That is, you need to store the ax in a dry, not necessarily warm room.
- Sharpening From the correct sharpening depends on the force of impact applied to the ax, and the quality of the work done. Accordingly, it is necessary to sharpen quality and try not to drive the blade on the stones. Also do not stick into the ground.
- Case. For a neat carrying and protection against blunting, you should do it yourself or buy a leather case.
In conclusion, you can add the need for the household of this tool. Even in the apartment it should be. Firstly, for chopping firewood at family picnics. Secondly, it will be more convenient to chop the carcass of a rabbit bought on the market, rather than chop it. Of course, keep in mind that the handle was comfortable. Moreover, as you have seen, an ax can be planted on an ax.