Ax, made with his own hands, will satisfy all the wishes of the master. Without such an important tool as an ax, a carpenter and a lumberjack, and any owner who has his own house, cannot do. The ax will help in the construction or repair of buildings, tree felling, preparation of firewood.
Ax - an important assistant in the construction or repair of buildings, cutting trees, preparing firewood.
What ax do?
By purpose, form and degree of universality, there are many types of axes, markedly different from each other. You can highlight the main types of this important tool.
For the processing of wood, carpentry and carpentry is used carpentry ax. It is characterized by low weight (so that it can be held in one hand) and the convenience of an ax handle. Its blade has a straight cut, and the sharpening angle is 35º. 44-45 cm is considered to be the most convenient ax handle. Weight usually does not exceed 1.5 kg, and for lightweight variants - 0.9 kg.
Scheme device ax.
For chopping trees or chopping firewood used other axes - logging. They have a rounded blade and a longer ax handle. Especially distinguished are the axes intended for work with large logs. They have wedge-shaped, thick, narrow blades and long, powerful axes.
Quite large demand has a taiga ax. This ax can be used for rough woodworking (felling of trees, chopping wood, cutting branches), primary processing of wood (log houses, splitting logs), making hunting gear and tools, building temporary dwellings (huts, flooring) and many other works.Back to table of contents
Ax head preparation
The question of how to make an ax is solved primarily at the stage of preparing the tool head. The head is a metal chopping part of the ax and consists of such areas as the blade (the pointed part), the blade (the wedge-shaped part), the butt (the back of the head) and the eye (the attachment section on the ax handle). The shape of the blade and blade and determines what makes the ax in the future.
In the process of creating the head, the blade is first shaped and sharpened. In carpentry tools, the blade has a straight cut, and the sharpening angle is 35 °.
Scheme of manual sharpening homemade ax.
The taiga ax must have a rounded blade, so its convex shape is selected or the corners are ground and the cut is rounded off. Sharpening the blade is made with an emery block with grains of medium size. Final finishing is carried out by grinding bar.
The blade of the carpentry ax (like most others) has a fairly regular trapezoidal shape. To make a taiga ax with your own hands, you need to align the upper cut of the blade with the cut of the eye and the butt along the same line. Usually the upper edge of the blade is simply cut to the level of the eye.Back to table of contents
Making ax handle
The second most important step in solving a problem, how to make an ax, is the manufacture of an ax handle. This element is made of wood. The most commonly used birch. The taiga ax is characterized by exploitation at high humidity. In this regard, it is recommended to use wood with less rotting under the action of moisture. Maple has proven itself quite well in these conditions. The most optimal is ash.
The first step is to pick up or make a wooden chock with a diameter of about 15 cm and a length that is 15 cm longer than the ax handle. Such a chock is split exactly in half and trimmed from the bark. Then it must be well dried at a temperature of 20-25ºC and at a humidity of not more than 10%. The scheme is applied on the flat part of the workpiece. The longitudinal axis of the element must coincide with the direction of the wood fibers.
Drawing of an ax blade.
Primary processing chocks made a small hatchet. Further formation of the body of the workpiece is using a chisel and a knife.
In cross-section, the blank should have an oval appearance (the correct round shape tires the arm). The lower end of the element must be bent and extended to avoid sliding the hand when chopping. The upper end should be capped to enter the head eyelet hole.
After complete precipitation of the head on the ax, the overhang of the wooden part above the eyelet slice should be about 10 mm.
The surface of the workpiece is carefully polished with emery cloth.Back to table of contents
The ax will turn out good if to provide a reliable articulation of its parts. The connection is made in the following order. At the upper end of the ax, three propyl cuts are cut: in the longitudinal direction in the center - one propyl; in the transverse direction - two parallel cuts. Prepared by 5 wedges. The upper section is wrapped with tarred gauze. The head tightly settles on the wrapped portion of the ax handle. All gaps and cuts on top are filled with epoxy. Wedges are hammered: first longitudinally, then four wedges - across. After the resin has hardened, all unnecessary parts of the wedges are cut off. Thus, the taiga design with their hands securely assembled.
To make an ax with your own hands, you will need the following tool:
- emery sandpaper;
- paint brush
The ax has many configurations and assignments. In order to know exactly what this particular design will be useful for you, it is best to make it yourself. Only in this case, the ax will have the properties that you need.