For the woodworking process, various tools, both mechanical and manual, have always been used. This is required by the very structure of the wood, whose properties are dictated by the direction of fiber growth.
When working with wood often use two almost similar tools - chisel and chisel.
Since the production of wooden products has to be processed both along and across, which is much more complicated, various tools are used for these purposes. At the same time, they can be quite similar in appearance, but the application is completely different. In particular, this applies to hand tools such as chisels and chisels. Ignorance of how they differ, and using one instead of the other often creates unforeseen difficulties and problems for beginners in carpentry. Damage is often impossible to recover.
What is a chisel and its purpose?
It is a steel bar of square or rectangular cross section, sharpened on one side, like a chisel. A handle made of hard wood, such as oak or beech, is mounted on the opposite side. It has a flat pommel, tightly grasped with a bronze or steel ring to prevent splitting when it hits it. Chisel is a tool intended for cutting by transversal blows of wood fibers. To do this, the top of the handle is hit with a hammer, and preferably with a wooden mallet. Usually, with its help, the grooves and holes in the surface of the wooden massif are made.
The chisel is used, like a chisel for metal processing, only complete with a hammer or a mallet. It differs in two varieties: carpentry and carpentry. The latter has a shank with a conical recess into which the handle is inserted, as well as a thicker blade slightly tapering towards the pointed end.
It is intended for more rough work and is capable of taking much stronger blows than its carpenter counterpart. Since the tool is experiencing significant stress upon impact, it quickly becomes dull, and it has to be eroded quite often.Back to table of contents
Chisel and its varieties
In contrast to the previous tool, the chisel is intended for selecting grooves and grooves, small recesses and chamfering, while working along the growth direction of wood fibers. Its blade is made of a much thinner steel strip, which can be either flat or in the shape of a gutter. Moreover, if the first one is sharpened from above, like a chisel, then the second one has a sharpening from the reverse surface facing the tree when working. The chisel handle has a dome-shaped pommel, a hand layer suitable for pressure. If necessary, only light blows can be applied to it, otherwise it will simply crack.
Chisels in joinery are used by a whole set of varieties, the main difference of which is not only in whether it is flat or grooved, but also in the length and width of the blade. It can be from 4-5 mm to 4 cm. For gouging grooves and grooves of a certain width, it is desirable to use an appropriate chisel, and even several in series. Steel is used for such tools harder than for chisels, because it must maintain its sharpness well. Chisels make more subtle and accurate work, so they should be quite easy to take wood. The blunt tool begins to tear it, and the surface becomes rough and uneven from it.
In general, it is worth noting that the chisel is permissible to use as a flat chisel of the same width if it is well sharpened beforehand. You can use the chisel as a chisel only if absolutely necessary and with extreme caution, otherwise serious damage to the tool is possible.
Each of them, despite the resemblance, it is desirable to use only for its intended purpose.
This will save you unnecessary labor costs and extend their service life.