Performing work with an electric plane is not a very difficult task with minimal skills to work with it. But it will be somewhat more difficult to plan a wide board with an electric planer. Not every specialist will be able to perform such work qualitatively. Due to the complexity of removing the uniform layer between the boundaries of processing.
Device modern electroplane.
Performance of work: instruction
In order to achieve high-quality processing of the board, before this, it is necessary initially to make a trial treatment on the sawn timber waste. In this case, the plane can be used in different modes of operation: it is a manual mode and a stationary one. The stationary mode consists in passing the workpiece through the rotating knife part of the planer.
In order to perform work using the manual mode, it is necessary to adjust the tool before starting the process. Adjusting the electroplane is not much different from setting up an ordinary manual planer. To do this, you need to adjust the depth of cut of his knives. Most often this size is 1-4 mm. When setting up, it is necessary to take into account the fact that a smaller depth of material planing will increase the quality of its processing.
Moreover, setting the knife to a small depth of planing will make it easier for him to move through the workpiece. At the same time, you need to press the tool on the edge of the aisle and round the back edge of the edge (to help avoid injuries).
Characteristics of famous brands of electric planers.
The smaller the rotating knife protrudes behind the plane of the planer, the less wood it will remove, therefore the boundaries between the different aisles will be less noticeable.
In the case when deep processing of the material is necessary, then during the first pass, the planer knives are adjusted to the maximum depth of processing. And then they reconfigure and perform more accurate finishing planing.
Over time, you can acquire the skills of properly completing the passage on the rear edge of the material and selecting the right depth of planing. This will help speed up the process of work and make it not in 8-10 passes, but in 4-5.
In order to properly adjust the knives, which depends on the difference between the upper marks between the front and rear end of the planer, it must be done with the help of a plunger.Back to table of contents
Proper wood processing
When using electroplane, it is necessary to choose the direction of material processing correctly.
It is usually taken along the direction of the fibers on the wood. But in the case when the processing of workpieces that are assembled from several boards or bars, having large protrusions at the junctions, is carried out, then it is possible to carry out processing in a diagonal direction. Electrician knives rotate at a fairly high speed and therefore allow you to perform such a procedure. Of course, the usual hand tools will not do that.
In order for the machined edge to fail when machining with a scythe, it is necessary to apply an angular stop, and not rely only on individual skill and an eye gauge. It should be attached to the side of the tool to its base, in a strictly perpendicular position about its axis. Now to plan, you need to attach the plane tightly to the plane of the board, and its base should be exactly at an angle of 90 degrees.
The corner stop must be fastened very tight, because during long work the screws of its fastening can loosen, which will lead to the grinding of the working surface of the plane. If it still happened, then you need to wipe it with white spirit.
To avoid chipping on the edges of the board, they need a little dull. This is done by chamfering. The same procedure must be performed on the details, which will then be coated with varnish. This will help create a smooth transition line between the two surfaces.
Having completed the processing of a wide board, one can resort to the procedure of its copying. Scraping is the process of aligning seams between different passes on the board. It is performed with the help of a special machine. Such processing as cycling should also be carried out in the direction of the fibers of the board. Its use will remove all unnecessary roughness.