How to work as a mill on wood

Every home craftsman is well aware of the existence of a manual router. Without this tool it is very difficult to work with wood. To facilitate your work you need to know well how to work as a wood router. When furniture is made, it is necessary to make grooves, install a lock and carry out the appropriate processing of parts.

The device console milling machine

The device console milling machine.

In this case, the router becomes an indispensable assistant. He will help to do the work very quickly and with high quality.

What can be done with a hand mill

Nozzles for milling cutters

Nozzles for milling cutters.

This device allows you to perform a large number of various manipulations:

  • direct profiling;
  • figure profiling;
  • end treatment;
  • manufacture of sockets for the installation of accessories;
  • quarter selection;
  • grinding;
  • the creation of thorns;
  • alignment draft;
  • drilling;
  • cutting blanks;
  • engraving;
  • carving on wooden surfaces;
  • the manufacture of grooves of various shapes;
  • fitting laminate;
  • receiving grooves;
  • fold processing;
  • cutting slots.
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What are milling cutters: features

Main types of cutters

The main types of cutters.

The industry produces several types of hand mill:

  • upper;
  • edging;
  • lamellar

In turn, the upper milling cutters are also divided into:

  • motionless;
  • submersible.

They include an electric motor that helps to adjust the milling depth. To do this, simply move the engine in a vertical direction.

The location of the cutters has to be changed frequently without turning off the device. Performing such an operation is quite difficult, especially if the novice manages the router.

The submersible version allows the engine to move along the guides. Due to the rigid springs, it became possible to move the mill vertically, without tearing it from the surface of the part. With such a device it is convenient to work even for those who first picked up a router.

To remove the chamfer, to process the edges, an edge milling cutter is used. To get a groove, a slat mill is used. It helps to make the connection parts.

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We select for work a manual milling cutter

Little table for hand mill

Little table for a manual mill.

To select the right device, you need to know the basic parameters and the main characteristics.

  1. Power.

Depending on the power machines are divided into several types:

  • heavy - 1200 watts;
  • medium - 1100 W;
  • light - 750 watts.

To work in everyday life, it is enough to have an average level; for particularly simple works, you can use a light level.

  1. The number of revolutions.

This parameter affects the types of material that can be processed. At low speed, the material must not be very strong, otherwise it simply will not be able to process it. In most cases, the maximum number of revolutions reaches 24,000.

  1. Switch.
Cutters for hand mill

Mills for a manual milling cutter.

This necessary detail is often not paid much attention. However, the router must necessarily be provided with protection against a sudden start; it must have such a mechanism. If it is not there, the switch will have to be held in the hand all the time, and this will only interfere with the operation.

  1. Collet.

The most reliable and high quality are the collet device having a cone made of hardened steel. Such a tool can function without replacement for a long time.

  1. Dust removal.

Absolutely all milling machines are equipped with a dust suction mechanism. The best results show built-in mechanisms.

  1. Sole.

This is one of the most important components of the machine. At the highest quality router, this sole is made cast. Vertical rods, main guides attached to the main support. The surface of the sole should be closed with a special lining. For its production using wood or plastic.

  1. Rod device.

The quality of the rods is highly influenced by the performance of the router and the capabilities of the tool The head of the mechanism should move along the rods absolutely freely, without the application of additional effort.

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How to handle a router

Diagram of the components of the milling table

Diagram of the components of the milling table.

Working with such a device is quite easy. It consists of a housing in which an electric motor is fixed, several bearings. The shaft made grooves for mounting the collet. Professionals do amazing things with it. All work is performed in a certain sequence:

  1. The bearing surface is mounted on the workpiece to be processed.
  2. A tunable turret that affects the depth of the cutter should be mounted in such a way that its lower stop is directly opposite the edge of the limiter.
  3. Then release the stop screw of the limiter. This will give the opportunity to carry out work in the desired direction absolutely freely.
  4. After carrying out the above operations, the lowering of the router is unblocked.
  5. The next stage will be a slow lowering of the motor down until the cutter touches the part plane.
  6. Then the device that regulates the lowering of the electric motor, you want to fix.
  7. The limiter that adjusts the depth of immersion, set at the bottom.
Elevator for router

Elevator for router.

The slider of such a limiter must be fixed at the zero mark of the immersion scale. It must always be remembered that the limiter is capable of rising. Therefore, it is easy to fix it in a position where the slider will mark the desired depth. This operation is done by hand. The limiter moves in the vertical direction. A similar operation can be done using the fine adjustment system.

Then the stop screw of the limiter is fully screwed in and locks the slider in the desired position. As soon as the immersion system is unlocked, the tool together with the engine will immediately be placed in the up position.

As a result of the carried out manipulations, after lowering the engine and the tool before touching the end face of the limiter, the cutter is able to carry out the processing of the workpiece to the desired depth set on the scale.

To carry out milling to another depth, will require several steps. First, the turret stop rotates so that when making the first pass, the depth limiter sets the high stop. With the final pass, the limiter must touch the bottom stop.

During the work of a manual mill it is always necessary to remember that the number of revolutions of the tool is much higher than that of an ordinary drill or punch.

The fact is that the quality of the surface depends on the number of rotations of the cutter.

The larger it is, the smoother and smoother the cut is. However, if there is a high speed, then the work surface of the workpiece may be charred.

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As for the revolutions themselves

Wiring diagram of the router to the controller

Wiring diagram of the router to the controller.

The milling cutter can rotate in two directions:

  • counter;
  • passing.

When there is an associated rotation, the end of the tool, milling the plane of the board, falls to the bottom of the niche to be processed.

The counter rotation is characterized by the movement of the edge of the tool and the apparatus in the same direction. I must say that the counter rotation is the most correct. Only for special cases use the associated rotation. For example, when, during edge processing, due to the direction of the fibers, milling may cause material splitting.

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Required safety

Every work with moving devices requires precautions. Failure to comply with such rules will always result in serious injury.

  1. Adjusting the router, fixing the tool, should be performed only on de-energized equipment.
  2. During work you can not be distracted, you must be especially careful. You need to hold the device tightly and stand comfortably.
  3. The fastening of the part to be machined must be made sturdy and reliable. She should not break out of the clamp. Having great speed, it can hit hard and cause serious injury.
  4. When contacting the workpiece with the tool you need to be extremely careful. Sometimes there is a strong return.
  5. Clothes should be tightly buttoned, no waving elements should not be. The floors of the robe may catch on the machine.

And remember, in order not to breathe fine dust flying during work, you must use a respirator. Good luck!

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