Currently, ceramic tile is one of the most common finishing materials. She has a number of positive properties, for which she and the master love. Practically nobody has problems with its installation, however various troubles can arise during the process of its cutting.
Diagram of a mechanical tile cutter.
Very often the tile is required to be divided into two parts. This measure allows it to be laid where the whole piece does not fit in geometric dimensions. In order to qualitatively cut the material, you should use a tile cutter. Of course, such a tool can be purchased at a specialty store, but its cost is high.
Some find him a replacement in the form of a glass cutter, but here you need to have some practical skills to carry out the work. The only way out of this situation is homemade tile cutter. Make it easy, for this you need a limited list of tools and materials.
Tools and materials
The scheme of cutting tile glass cutter.
So, for the production of homemade tile cutter need to get the following set:
- 4 steel corners;
- solid board;
- 2 bearings;
- welding machine;
- rubber bands;
- tube, which in geometrical dimensions will correspond to the parameters of the shaft.
The basic rules and nuances of cutting tiles
Before you create your own tile cutter, you need to familiarize yourself with the rules for cutting tiles. They will show why this particular tool must be used.
The scheme of the manual tile cutter.
So the rules are:
- To break a tile, you need to click on it from two sides. The force is created uniform. The distance between the arms and the centerline should be the same.
- It is not recommended to cut the material with the help of an ordinary grinder, since in the course of processing uneven heating can be created, and this leads to the appearance of chipping and cracks.
- When cutting ceramic tiles need to provide a rigid fixation.
You can start work related to the creation of the tile cutter.Back to table of contents
Sequence of work
The assembly of the tile cutter begins with the fact that smaller geometric parameters are welded to the larger corners. Between them will move the bearing. They should not interfere with it.
The scheme of cutting tiles with the help of glass cutters, matches and tongs.
By connecting these parts together, you can get the first half of the tile cutter. As for the creation of the second part, then the work is carried out in the same manner as when creating the first. They must be symmetrical with respect to each other. This work will take several tens of minutes. Then the next stage begins: it is necessary to create a cutting part. The handle and holder for the cutting tool are welded to the steel pipe. As such an element, you can use an ordinary glass cutter. However, another sharpened object, which is coated with diamond plating, will do.
The result is a working design. After the sleeve is ready, you can put it on the shaft. The ends are pressed into the bearing. The cutting structure will move freely around the main one. It should be taken to the extreme position to weld the corners together.
Tile cutters of different designs: a - lamellar: 1 - plitkolom; 2 - ceramic tile; 3 - tile cutter; 4 - Pobedite cutter; 5 - stop; 6 - base; b - rod tile cutter: 1 - rod; 2 - leaf spring; 3 - adjusting screw; 4-pobeditovy cutter; 5 - rubber roller; 6-guide corner; c - roller tile cutter: 1 - table; 2 - moving frame; 3 - cutter head with a roller; 4 - bracket; 5 - cork; 6 - frame; 7- feed roller handle; 8 - clamp; 9 - locking assembly; 10 - rubber feed roller.
After that, you just need to check how freely the cutting element moves along its plane, that is, between the bearing angles. If there is no difficulty in this, it means that the cutting part of the tool is made qualitatively and correctly. It remains to do the fastening of the lower rubber strips. They will prevent the destruction of the main parts of the structure.
Do not forget that with rubber gaskets be sure to remove the chamfer. After the glue dries, you can fix the resulting structure on a wooden base. Here you can show imagination and ingenuity. Mount can be varied. The main thing is that the cutting part of the tool could easily move in a vertical position. It should be ensured that it does not deviate from the horizon during processing.
You can make the most simple, but effective model. It will consist of door hinges. They need to be fixed on both sides of the tile cutter.
If you fix them tightly, then such a tool will not allow the cutting of ceramic tiles having a different thickness. It is better to use loops so that they can adjust the height vertically. This will make the tool more versatile. It is suitable for complex work during construction and decoration.Back to table of contents
Tool setting: features
The scheme of cutting tiles by electric tile cutter.
First, on the board one should mark the line along which the intended cut will be made, i.e. wooden base must be divided in half. A metal plate will be installed in this line.
You can use almost any kind of it, but it is better to prepare in advance.
The metal plate is sharpened, and its edges are removed using a grinder or other tool that serves for cutting metal.
The plate height must not exceed 2 mm.
The tile cutter is almost ready for use. Immediately work with him will be quite difficult, as you need to get used to. You may have to spend more than one day.
Before proceeding directly to the work related to cutting ceramic tiles, you need to test the tool. To do this, you can take unsuitable for further use material. After several unsuccessful attempts, the person usually gets used to the new device. After that he starts to work with ease.
This type of tile cutter is manual. It is perfect for performing medium and small amounts of work. However, its effectiveness may not be enough if we are talking about global repair or construction. Here it is better to use the electric version. It can also be purchased at the store. It is quite expensive, so it is better to make it yourself.
Most often for these purposes, the Bulgarian is taken as a basis. Only this tool is able to give the number of revolutions necessary for cutting tiles. Otherwise, if another motor is used, you will need to make or order a gearbox yourself. It should allow to reach the number of revolutions equal to 6000. This is a rather troublesome and irrational solution of the problem.
In order to get cuts of an ideal structure in the process of work, it is necessary to attach a corner to the tabletop, on which all the work is done. In this case, and work comfortably, and will not be ashamed of his creation. Good luck!