How self-made milling cutter is made

How to make a homemade milling cutter? Manual frezer emerged not so long ago, but has already become popular among lovers to work independently. This device is expensive. Therefore, many people choose a familiar set of tools that do not require large investments.

The design of a homemade milling machine

The design of a homemade milling machine.

But there is a way out. It is necessary to make a milling cutter on its own. And everyone can use it. How can you do it yourself?

Today, the considered device can process not only wood, but also metals. The difference between the device, which is necessary for working with materials from wood, and the device for working with metal is that it is necessary to attach another thread to it. It is possible to work with such mill on different surfaces.

Fraser with his own hands

Materials and tools:

Nozzles for milling cutters

Nozzles for milling cutters.

  • motor from household appliance;
  • cutter;
  • chipboard sheet;
  • plastic;
  • bolts;
  • fasteners;
  • a circular saw;
  • cartridge;
  • wiring.

How to make a hand mill with your own hands? Its main parts are the mill and the motor, leading it to movement.

Wiring diagram of the router to the controller

Wiring diagram of the router to the controller

There are many reasons for making homemade milling machines. The main ones are the cost of the item in the stores and the desire to have at their disposal this multifunctional tool.

First you need to decide on which network the mini milling cutter will work. Most often at home, 220 V is used to start the engine from the outlet. Therefore, any device from any household appliance can be used.

If three-phase voltage is used, then it will be difficult to find a suitable motor. It can be obtained at the factory or at the enterprise.

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Some features

It is worth thinking about the surface on which the engine will be installed. It can be durable plastic, but you can use inexpensive material. For example, you can take a sheet of chipboard.

Table of the diameter of the cutter and the speed of rotation of the processed material

Table of the diameter of the cutter and the speed of rotation of the material being processed.

Cut out of it a small panel on which you want to fix the engine. There are two possible ways of fixing. The engines have bolt fasteners, you can use them. If there are no such fasteners, you can use special clasps.

Now you need to deal with the problem associated with the combination of the engine and cartridge. There can not do without an adapter. For its production will have to turn to professionals. The cartridge itself can be taken from any punch.

That's it, you can use a hand mill. We must first carry out the test. First you need to fix the most common cutter. It is better if it is easy. Then we connect the router to the network. If everything works fine, then you can proceed to the planned work.

For convenience of operation for a manual mill it is possible to make a table.

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Advantages and disadvantages of a homemade mill

Benefits:

  1. Its cost will be lower compared to those sold in hardware stores.
  2. There is an opportunity to work with different surfaces.
  3. Easy to assemble.

Disadvantages:

Scheme homemade cutters for wood

Scheme homemade cutters for wood.

  1. Not too high processing speed of products. If you use a typical engine, which is common in today's household appliances, the speed may be small for working with complex elements and surfaces. But this flaw is not fatal. It is necessary to use high-speed engines, which are found in perforators. Then it will be possible to control the speed for different operations. This feature is very popular among the carpenters.
  2. The design of the router is not reliable enough. This is due to the fact that it is made from scrap materials.

All the above pros and cons need to be taken into account when working with a manual router.

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Safety when working with a manual mill

Basic requirements for safety are detailed in the instructions for any router. It is usually included in the package. The following can be attributed to the fundamental rules.

The cutter should be installed or replaced only when the device is disconnected from the mains.

Setting the nozzle is also made only when the device is de-energized.

When working on a milling table requires maximum attention to the process. During the milling process, stand firmly on your feet. It is not allowed to find foreign objects in the working area with the router.

In the process of contact of the cutter with the workpiece, you need to be ready for sharp jerks of the workpiece and strong vibration, which can lead to tearing out of the part, with subsequent trauma. The depth of the layer to be removed should not be too large - no more than 3 mm.

Clothes should fit snugly to the body, all buttons are buttoned, belts are tied. Wear eye protection. When working, a lot of dust is generated; it is worth taking care of a respirator or construction dressing to protect the respiratory tract. When working do not rush, the movement should be smooth and accurate.

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